THE USE OF BIOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION IN COUNTERING CRIME
Keywords:biometrics, biometric identification, identification, verification, personal data
The development of the information society determines the transition of activities related to combating crime to a new level, providing for the digitalization of criminal proceedings and the widespread introduction of biometric technologies.
The work is aimed at studying the concept of biometrics, determining the possibilities of using biometric databases in solving crimes.
Methods such as analysis and synthesis, deduction and induction, logical, comparative legal analysis are used in the research. As a result of studying the opinions of scientists, it was established that biometric identification has a special place in the system of forensic identification and the scope of its application extends beyond the framework of criminal proceedings. The work defines such spheres of application of forensic biometric identification as identification of persons; establishing the fact of the commission of certain crimes by one person; border passport control; external control and video monitoring of the environment; identification of unidentified corpses; access control systems; migration control; identification of wanted persons; identification of persons who cannot provide personal data about themselves due to illness or young age.
It is advisable to apply the results of the study in search and forensic activities, as well as when conducting classes in education institutions.
Following the study, it was determined that biometric technologies can improve the efficiency of crime detection. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the issues of observance of individual rights to ensure the safety of personal data, the development of legal, organizational and methodological aspects.